Title deeds and land registry do not always offer sufficient guarantees. The surveyor provides multiple land-related services on behalf of individuals, professionals or local authorities. It helps them to carry out their projects in accordance with regulations and the rights of each. It thus helps to prevent any future litigation or resolve those pending.
DEMARCATION AND RECOGNITION OF BOUNDARIES OF LAND
The surveyor is the only professional authorized to delineate irrevocably land and the « limit », eg when checking the surface of a field, a development planned by a neighbor of the building fence, or the creation of a land. The demarcation has the effect of legally define and realize the limits on land adjacent private properties belonging (or intended to belong) to different owners. The surveyor performs three types of services:
amicable demarcation (if both owners agree to make realize) that results in a report signed by both parties, the legal boundary (in the absence of agreement of the parties), where the surveyor acts as expert court appointed by the judge, the delimitation of the affected properties in the public domain. In this third case, the surveyor attends the community for analysis operations, the limit of materialization, writing the minutes delineation and notification to local residents.
In a project requiring the fragmentation of a property in order to obtain several distinct entities (in the case of an estate or a future subdivision, for example), the surveyor studying the feasibility of the division, explains steps needed to create the file and then performs the division.
CADASTRAL AND LAND REGISTRATION CONSERVATION
The surveyor is authorized to establish the change documents of the cadastral parcels (DMPC), an obligation under any change of property boundaries (divisions, subdivisions, shares, exchanges, etc.)
The establishment of an origin of property, searching for heirs or easement may require a comparative analysis of the old cadastre and land registry current. The surveyor is responsible for this research to identify changes over time the consistency of a plot and its successive owners.
In case of transfer or division, surveyor analyzes the existing easements or those to be created. It can also be mandated to provide legal advice on the existence of an easement and / or manner of exercise thereof. This service helps prevent many disputes.
JUDICIAL AND AMICABLE EXPERTISE
The surveyor may be appointed by the court as an expert of justice. It also can achieve an amicable expertise, the content must be defined with the parties.
Other services on behalf of public bodies
PLANS AND FRAGMENTED STATES
In a land project a public person (proposed development of a community, for example) the surveyor carries out the survey maps which set the boundaries of land and necessary to study and work. In the case of expropriation, it may be necessary to draw up a regular plan contradictorily defining the limits.
On behalf of a municipality, the surveyor identifies and defines the status of its roads (rural roads, local roads, local roads of community interest …). A provision that allows the town to have a document against third parties and to exercise its police, management and maintenance.
When the public power taking of property for a public utility operation, the surveyor accompanying to develop the utilities folder evaluate properties and form the plot investigation file.